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Organic Farming

To reduce the adverse effect of the farms' environment, practices like organic farming have been adopted. It is the process of plant cultivation and animal rearing in a natural way. The natural process of organic farming encourages biological substances, avoids the use of synthetic substances, etc. As a result of correct measures, we can save on ecological balance and minimize pollution too. This farming mode acts as a new system of farming or agriculture that repairs, maintains, and improves the ecological balance.

Some of the benefits of organic farming include:-

  • It promotes sustainable development and causes no harm to the environment.
  • Organically grown food has more nutritional value than chemical ones.
  • The demand for organic food is quite high and generates income through export.
  • Organic farming uses organic inputs, making it an inexpensive process.
  • It is more labor-intensive and hence generates more employment.

The four main techniques used in organic farming include:-

  • Crop rotation
  • Green manure
  • Biological pest control
  • Compost

Types of Organic Farming

The two chief types of organic Farming are Integrated organic Farming and pure organic Farming.

Pure Organic Farming


This type of organic Farming avoids all unnatural chemicals—the fertilizers and pesticides obtained from natural sources such as bone meal or blood meal. The main methods of pure organic Farming include the use of manures and pesticides.

Integrated Organic Farming


This type of Farming includes the integration of pest and nutrients management to achieve ecological and economic demands.

Advantages of Organic Farming

Organic Farming can help in improving the environmental conditions on the earth. Here are the few advantages of opting for organic Farming.


Organic Farming is an economical mode of Farming since it requires no expensive fertilizers, pesticides, HYV seeds, etc., for the plantation of crops.

Good Return on Investment

A farmer can make a good return on investment with the usage of cheaper and local inputs.

High Demand

It is a great mode to generate more income via export. Since organic products in India and abroad are in high-demand, it increases the chance to earn more.

Nutritive Value

Compared to the chemical and fertilizers utilized products, organic products are more nutritional, tasty, and good for health.


Since organic farming practices exempt the use of chemicals and fertilizers, it doesn’t harm the environment.

Disadvantages of Organic Farming

Like the advantages, the practice of organic Farming also has some disadvantages attached to it; here are a few:-


The practice of organic Farming lacks inadequate infrastructure and lacks the marketing of the product.

Less Production

The farms fail to accommodate large scale production from organic farming products since they produce less in the initial years than chemical products.

Shorter Shelf-Life

Sadly, organic products have more flaws and shorter shelf life than chemical products.

Limited Production

The off-season crops are limited in organic Farming, making them less season-friendly than the chemical ones.

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